jmm1184 wrote:> I've done a little bit of research on this, though a lot more
> research still needs to be done, especially regarding the
> generational timelines of Indian tribes.
> But this is what I've gotten so far. It might not be fully
> accurate, but its a start.
> As far as the colonies are concerned, I've identified four
> different timelines that converge into the American Revolutionary
> Virginia Crisis Wars 1607-1622: Initial Settlement and Powhatan's
> first sack of Jamestown - this one is the most shaky since there
> were later wars between Powhatan and the colonists, but this
> sacking of Jamestown seems to have been the most destructive.
> 1676-1676: Bacon's Rebellion - a short but bloody war that is the
> closest America's come to genuine poor vs rich crisis war. One of
> the rules put into place following this crisis war was the start
> of institutional oppression of blacks and conscious attempts by
> the rich plantation owners to pit poor whites against poor blacks
> so they could not unite against them as they had in Bacon's
> rebellion. This war also ended for good any remaining power of the
> Powhatan Confederation.
> New England Crisis Wars
> 1619-1630 or 1619-1621 & 1629-1630: The Initial Settlement of New
> England. Though a war was not involved, entire populations with
> families moved enmass and a first-turning reset occurred as they
> had to build a completely new society in a new world.
> 1675-1678: King Philip's War - the bloodiest war by per capita
> casualties ever fought in the USA. The native American tribes of
> New England were crushed and soon assimilated into the Puritan
> Middle Colonies Crisis Wars
> 1702-1709: The War of the Spanish Succession - I choose this one
> because the Middle Colonies did not engage in many (if any) wars
> with the Indians outside of Britain's instigation. In fact the
> treaty William Penn made with the Indians is the only treaty that
> was never broken. So it seems that the Middle Colonies continued
> to follow Britain's timeline - there was little mass population
> emigration, and the populations that did come close to mass
> population shifts (the Germans and Scots-Irish), were on a similar
> timeline (The German crisis war ending in 1712 or 1714).
> Carolina/Anglo-Caribbean Crisis Wars
> 1702-1717: The War of the Spanish Succession & The Yamassee War -
> The Carolina/Caribbean timeline is hard to figure out, but it
> appears that the initial colonists did not deviate from the
> British timeline - most of them being former Royalists whose last
> crisis war was the English Civil War. This crisis war started with
> the War of the Spanish Succession, but very quickly the war
> coincided with devastating wars against the Indian tribes of what
> is now South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida that climaxed with the
> bloody Yamassee War.
Thanks for doing that research. It's a very interesting approach.
Years ago, Matt Ignal did some research on colonial wars, but I lost
track of it, and I don't remember what he found. So your work is like
starting from scratch.
I have a couple of notes on Virginia.
Bacon's rebellion does not read like a crisis war.http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h521.htmlhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p274.htmlhttps://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyc ... ellion.htm
It actually reads like an Awakening era war, or at least a
non-crisis war, especially from the fact that the rebellion fizzled
completely when Bacon died. If it had been a crisis war, then
the people would have continued fighting until a crisis climax
King Philip's war was clearly a crisis war for both the Indian
tribes and the New England colonists. It's hard to identify anything
like King Philip's war in the middle colonies or the south.
The War of the Spanish Succession was known as Queen Anne's war
in the colonies, and was fought between France and England,
but seems to be a non-crisis war for the colonists.http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h846.html
It's possible that there were no other special crisis wars for
the colonists, and that their crisis wars were fought between
other enemies, just as World War II was a crisis war for
Switzerland and Kansas.
It's possible that the colonist crisis wars were related to crisis
wars among the Indians. Here's a web site that you may already have
seen that seems to have a lot of information on Indian wars and
confederations:https://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/https://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/nat ... deracy.htmhttps://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/nat ... deracy.htm
My guess is that it's best to focus on the Indian wars first, and then
try to fit the colonists' wars into the Indian wars.